These charming lions were block printed on cotton fabric, in Iran, sometimes between the 10'th and 11th centuries. Eventually traders imported block printed fabric on to other lands and Europeans were inspired by the use of wooden or metal blocks, to print on fabric of their own.
I think this design would make a charming modern fabric. A quilt for a child? Definitely! But also I can imagine borrowing this pattern for patch pockets, tote bags, or miniaturized for a border print on a skirt hem or shirt cuffs.